Top 7 Tips to Improve Car Aerodynamics
In the earlier days, we used to hear the tem car aerodynamics when talking of racing cars, sports cars or Formula 1 race cars. Gradually, with the increasing demand of fuel efficiency, speed, and acceleration, the term got associated with road cars as well.
Today, many car manufacturers are continuously hunting for some specifications attributed to car designing that may help to improve on aerodynamics. Car manufacturers have started believing that aerodynamics help increase road traction and improves cornering speed. It also plays a vital role in improving car mileage. In this age of expensive fuel, improving aerodynamics makes a sense both economically and ecologically.
To accomplish this, car designers and engineers have come up with various measures to optimize aerodynamics. Here are the top 7 tips to improve car aerodynamics:
- The best thing is to have low ground clearance. This will help reduce the effective frontal area and thereby improve efficiency. According to the experts from Mercedes-Benz, lowering the height of the car at speed will result in a 3% improvement in drag.
- Minimize the frontal area. This will help improve acceleration and reach a maximum top speed at greater stability. With a narrow front, the air molecules will not be able to stagnate on the front part and the car will easily overcome the force of air.
- Addition of spoilers is another way of improving aerodynamics. These are mostly used on sedans and help to create a downforce by creating a dam at the rear lip of the trunk. This downforce further helps to improve acceleration and mileage.
- Inverted wing is another significant feature that plays a vital role in aerodynamics. These are very efficient and generate more downforce than drag. More downforce increases the weight on the car's roof and thereby improve its stability on road and cornering speed.
- Front air dams also play a significant role in improving aerodynamics. It helps to restrict the air flow reaching the underside of the car, eventually creating lower pressure under the car. This further provides downforce and improves acceleration and top speed.
- A small tail cone at the rear bumper can also make a big difference. This kind of design helps to improve air flow under the car and avoid air molecules to stagnate there.
- Reclining windshield helps to smooth the flow of air between the hood of the car and the windshield. Reclined design moves the force of air downward and creates a downforce.